Jerusalem is the soul of the world
The city of Jesus, kings of David and Solomon, the prophet Muhammad, a holy place for the three main monotheistic religions of the world – Judaism, Christianity and Islam. Shining Jerusalem. In no city in the world have I shed so many tears. In no city in the world did my soul experience such a purification
Via Dolorosa and the Church of the Holy Sepulcher, Wailing Wall, Yad Vashem Memorial … If your soul is not hardened, you will feel this – compassion, pain, purification and hope. You will be captured by the same emotions that were experienced by millions of people who have been here before you … Talking about Jerusalem, of course, you can write about life, entertainment, traditions, but all this can be found in other places. Here is something that you will not find in any other city, either Israel or the world. From its very foundation, it has been a holy city. Jerusalem is the wind rose of the spiritual life of a vast part of humanity.
Shard of the Great Temple – Wailing Wall
Everyone has heard about the Wailing Wall, but only a few know what and why they mourn here, and few understand why this piece of an ordinary old wall evokes such emotions … Once upon a time on the Temple Mount, above the city of Yershalaim (in translation – “place of the world ”), a colossal structure rose – the Great Temple, it was called one of the seven wonders of the ancient world:“ the whole hateful Yershalayim with suspension bridges, fortresses and, most importantly, with a block of marble with gold dragon scale about the roof – with the Yershalaim temple … ”(M. Bulgakov,“ Master and Margarita ”). The first temple was destroyed by the Babylonians. The second, which Bulgakov mentions, shone with splendor under King Herod, with the order of worship in which Christ did not agree, where Caligula ordered the installation of his sculptural image, in 70 AD e. destroyed by the Romans. All that remains of the second temple, the greatest shrine of the Jews, is a small section of the western wall 15 meters high. This very fragment of the wall is the Kotel. According to the tradition of Judaism, a temple cannot be erected again until the Messiah arrives. Prayers by the wall pour tears of sorrow for the destroyed temple and pray for the coming of the new Messiah. According to legend, prayers and requests made at the Wall will certainly be heard. Therefore, people from all over the world leave notes in their crevices with their prayers. The square in front of the Wall is an open-air synagogue. There are mandatory rules: women approach the Wall on the right side, men on the left; photographing her on Saturdays is prohibited.
Mount of Olives (Olive, or Mount of Olives)
Once this mountain was covered with olive groves. But the Romans who came here, for some reason, turned out to be opponents of green spaces and used the wood of ancient olives to build their siege machines. Jesus climbed this mountain before the Last Supper. Immediately there is a place from which He ascended into heaven. The chapel of the Ascension is built here, and there are footprints of Christ in it. On the slopes of the mountain is an old Jewish cemetery. If someone does not know his story, then many have undoubtedly heard that Alla Pugacheva and Joseph Kobzon bought their places here. The peculiarity of this cemetery is that today the cost of a place on it is in the tens and even hundreds of thousands of American greens. Why? Because, according to Jewish tradition, when the Messiah comes to Jerusalem, he will first pass through the Mount of Olives, where he will collect those who have risen from the dead. They – the very first – are guaranteed a place in paradise, for they will pass with Him through the gates of Forgiveness. In general, if you leave gossip and legends, Mount of Olives is the focus of historical, religious and architectural monuments. They filled literally every centimeter of it. Personally, my head went round from the abundance of information and the scorching Israeli sun: I wanted to sit down at least for a short while in the saving shade of the bushes, admire the domes and poppies, observe the strings of pilgrims and reflect.
When we came to the entrance to the Al-Aqsa Mosque, we were not allowed inside. Rather, only the Turkish members of our group were admitted, after having looked at their passports (a stamp is written in the Turkish document on which the religious affiliation of the person is written). During prayer, the entrance to the mosque for the infidels is prohibited: Al-Aqsa – the main religious building for Muslims in Jerusalem. It was built in the VIII century BC. e. at the southern end of the Temple Mount, and it was said of her: “one faithful who prays in Jerusalem is equal to five hundred prayers elsewhere.” According to legend, the mosque stands on the very spot from which the Prophet Muhammad was ascended to heaven. This is narrated by the 17th surah of the Qur’an “Moved by night”. Once, when the Prophet was sleeping near the Kaaba in Mecca, Gibrael woke him. The angel brought with him an extraordinary animal, called Burak and carrying all the prophets that existed before Muhammad. Muhammad sat on Burak, and he brought him to Jerusalem. There, the Prophet met his predecessors – Ibrahim, Moses, Jesus and others, and then went through seven heavens and spoke with Allah.