Tours in Israel: enjoy your vacation!
During the holidays, many of us are puzzled by the global question - where to go? The choice today is wide enough, it all depends on the desires and financial…

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Israel - the land of ancient mysteries
From Jerusalem, the tourist will return home with many controversial questions - about the world history, religion, past and future of mankind. The soul will want to work! This phenomenon…

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Health Travel
Tourism in Israel is an occasion to have a good rest, enjoy unforgettable landscapes, but the most important thing is the opportunity to heal chronic diseases and gain strength for…

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Legacy of King Solomon

About the 10th century BC the Jewish people founded the state of Israel on these lands. During his reign, David subjugated the entire territory of the Negev to his rule, and his son, the wisest king Solomon, built an impressive strip of defensive fortifications there, continued the development of the famous copper copies in Timna, a place in the southern end of the Negev, and also built a seaport Etzion Haver (now Eilat). The notion known to everyone that “the mines of King Solomon” is also associated with Timna, although it is rather arbitrary, since he received his riches from various places. No wonder the Third Book of Kings says that “the gold that came to Solomon every year was six hundred sixty-six talents of gold …” Apparently, the port of Etzion-Haver was intended primarily for these purposes. Unfortunately, it is not known exactly where these riches went to the royal treasures from and where exactly Solomon could send ships. One can only assume that in Timna there was only a part of those mythical mines that made up the wealth of the King of kings. After his death in 922 BC a powerful and prosperous state was divided into two parts: the northern – Israel, and the southern – Judea. In the 5th century BC The Babylonians captured Judea, expelling many Jews from the country. Some subsequently returned, while the rest settled throughout Europe and Asia. In 63 BC The Romans captured Palestine, and in the 7th century AD, these vast lands passed into the possession of Muslim Arabs, becoming part of the Ottoman Empire in 1516. By this time, many Muslim Arabs lived in Palestine, although Jewish communities remained. The southern borders of the Negev desert were in the sphere of trade, economic and geopolitical interests of all the peoples living here. But perhaps the main distinguishing feature of the territory, which is currently the Timna National Park, was the largest copper ore deposit. As already mentioned, the development of copper on this territory was still carried out by the Egyptians, as evidenced by the remains of ancient Egyptian temple buildings. To obtain it, not only temporary workers from the Negev desert worked in mines, but also skilled metallurgists. The landscape of this area is very unusual. The erosion of water and wind over many centuries has created bizarre formations composed of red Nubian sandstone. It is here that there is a huge canyon with the legendary Solomon pillars – giant, up to 50 m high, sand columns of dark red color, as well as the Mushroom rock, which stands apart and is a polished sandstone block similar in shape to a mushroom. At the foot of the Solomon pillars are the ruins of an Egyptian temple, erected around the XIV century BC. in honor of the goddess Hathor – the patroness of miners who mined copper ore. The sun, wind, sand, daily temperature drops continue to change the appearance of this majestic place to this day. Andrey Semashko

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